HP Sub. Allied Service Mains Exam 2020 – English

HP Sub. Allied Service Mains Exam 2020 – English

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English (Compulsory)

Time Allowed : 03 HoursMaximum Marks : 150

प्रश्र पत्र के लिए विशिष्ट अनुदेश
कृपया प्रश्नों के उत्तर देने से पूर्व निम्नलिखित प्रत्येक अनुदेश को ध्यानपूर्वक पढ़े:

  1. इसमें 13 प्रत्र हैं तथा सभी प्रश्न अनिवार्य हैं।
  2. प्रत्येक प्रश्न के अंक इसके विरुद्ध इंगित किये गए हैं।
  3. प्रत्रों में शब्द सीमा, जहाँ विनिर्दिष्ट है, का अनुसरण किया जाना चाहिए।
  4. प्रश्रों के उत्तरों की गणना क्रमानुसार की जाएगी।
  5. यदि काटा नहीं हो, तो प्रश्न के उत्तर की गणना की जाएगी चाहे वह उत्तर अंशतः दिया गया हो। प्रश्न-सह-उत्तर पुस्तिका में खाली छोड़ा हुआ पृष्ट या उसके अंश को स्पष्ट रूप से काटा जाना चाहिए।
  6. सफाई और अच्छी तरह से व्यवस्थित उत्तर लिखें और शब्द सीमा जहां भी संकेत दिया गया है का पालन करें । शब्द सीमा का पालन करने में विफलता को दंडित किया जा सकता है।
  7. यह प्रश्न पत्र उम्मीदवार परीक्षा समाप्त होने के उपरांत अपने साथ ले जा सकते हैं।

Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions:

  1. There are 13 questions and all questions are compulsory
  2. The number of marks carried by a question is indicated against it.
  3. Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to
  4. Attempts of questions shall be counted in sequential order.
  5. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.
  6. Write neatly & well organized answers and also to adhere to the word limit, wherever indicated. Failure to adhere to word limit may be penalized.
  7. Question paper can be taken by the candidate after conclusion of the examination.
  1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions (1-V) that follow. You should use your own language, don’t lift the sentences from the passage:

Since the mid-1940’s over 200 basic chemicals have been created for use in killing insects, weeds, rodents, and other organisms described in the modern vernacular as “pests”; and they are sold under several thousand different brand names. These sprays, dusts, and aerosols are now applied almost universally to farms, gardens, forests, and homes – non selective chemicals that have the power to kill every insect, the “good” and the “bad.” to still the song of birds and the leaping of fish in the streams, to coat the leaves with a deadly film, and to linger on in soil — all this though the intended target may be only a few weeds or insects. Can anyone believe it is possible to lay down such a barrage of poisons on the surface of the earth without making it unfit for all life? They should not be called “insecticides,” but biocides.” The whole process of spraying seems caught up in an endless spiral. Since DDT was released for civilian use, a process of escalation has been going on in which ever more toxic materials must be found. This has happened because insects, in a triumphant vindication of Darwin’s principle of the survival of the fittest, have evolved super races immune to the particular insecticide used, hence a deadlier one has always to be developed – and then a deadlier one than that. It has happened also because, for reasons to be described later, destructive insects often undergo a “flareback,” or resurgence, after – spraying, in numbers greater than before. Thus, the chemical war is never won, and all life is caught in its violent crossfire. Along with the possibility of the extinction of mankind by nuclear war, the central problem of our age has therefore become the contamination of man’s total environment with such substances of incredible potential for harm- substances that accumulate in the tissues of plants and animals and even penetrate the germ cells to shatter or alter the very material of heredity upon which the shape of the future depends. Some would-be architects of our future look toward a time when it will be possible to alter the human germ plasm by design. But we may easily be doing so now by inadvertence, for many chemicals, like radiation, bring about gene mutations. It is ironic to think that man might determine his own future by something so seemingly trivial as the choice of an insect spray. All this has been risked — for what? Future historians may well be amazed by our distorted sense of proportion. How could intelligent beings seek to control a few unwanted species by a method that contaminated the entire environment and brought the threat of disease and death even to their own kind? Yet this is precisely what we have done. We have done it, moreover, for reasons that collapse the moment we examine them. We are told that the enormous and expanding use of pesticides is necessary to maintain farm production. Yet is our real problem not one of overproduction? Our farms, despite measures to remove acreages from production and to pay farmers not to produce, have yielded such a staggering excess of crops that the American taxpayer in 1962 is paying out more than one billion dollars a year as the total carrying cost of the surplus-food storage program. And is the situation helped when one branch of the Agriculture Department tries to reduce production while another states, as it did in 1958, “It is believed generally that reduction of crop acreages under provisions of the Soil Bank will stimulate interest in use of chemicals to obtain maximum production on the land retained in crops.” All this is not to say there is no insect problem and no need of control. I am saying, rather, that control must be geared to realities, not to mythical situations, and that the methods employed must be such that they do not destroy us along with the insects. (Rachel Carson)
(i) What is the impact of pesticides? 04 Marks
(ii) What has happened as a result of the release of DDT for civilian use? 04 Marks
(iii) “The whole process of spraying seems caught up in an endless spiral”. Explain. 04 Marks
(iv) The author feels that “the control is not geared to realities.” Explain. 04 Marks
(v) What is the phrase used in correlation with the phenomena of insects evolving and developing immunity to particular pesticides ? 02 Marks

2. Read the passage carefully, give it a suitable title and then write a précis, reducing it to approximately one-third of its original count:

The great Roman orator, Cicero, in his celebrated treatise on Friendship, remarks with truth that it increases happiness and diminishes misery by the doubling of our joy and the dividing of our grief. When we do well, it is delightful to have friends who are so proud of our Success that they receive as much pleasure from it as we do ourselves. For the friendless man the attainment of wealth, power, and honour is of little value. Such possessions contribute to our happiness most by enabling us to do good to others but if all those whom were exerted on behalf of friends whose happiness is as dear to us as our own. Further, when we do our duty in spite of temptation, the mental satisfaction obtained from the approval of our consciences is heightened by the praise of our friends for their judgement is as it were a second conscience, encouraging us in good and deterring us from evil. Our amusements have little zest and soon pall upon us if we engage in them in solitude, or with uncongenial companions, for whom we can feel no affection. Thus in every case our joys are rendered more intense and more permanent by being shared with friends. It is equally true that, as Cicero points out, friendship diminishes our misery by enabling us to share the burden of it with others. When fortune has inflicted a heavy un-avoidable blow upon us, our grief is alleviated by friendly condolence, and by the thought that as long as friends are left to us, life is still worth living. But many misfortunes which threaten us us are not inevitable and in escaping such misfortunes, the advice and active assistance of our friends may be invaluable. The friendless man stands alone, exposed without protection to his enemies and to the Wows of fortune; but whoever has loyal friends is thereby provided with a strong defence against worst that fortune can do to him. Thus in good and evil fortune, in our work and in our hours of recreation, the possession of true friends is the most important means to the attainment of happiness and the alleviation of avoidance of misery. It must be remembered, however, that these remarks only apply to friends really worthy of the name. The evil that may be effected by bad friends is as great as good secured by the possession of good friends. On this account the right selection of friends is a matter of vital importance. We should select our friend with the greatest care, and when we have won them, and found them worthy, we should take care to retain, till we are severed from them by death. (468 words) 20 + 2 = 22 Marks

  1. Write an essay in about 300 words on any one topic: (35 Marks )
    (a) Effective Role of Opposition in Democracy
    (b) India of My Dreams
    (c) Students and Politics
  2. Make two sentences with each word given below. Every word should be used once as a noun and once as a verb, adding up to ten sentences in all: ( 10 Marks)
    Round. Light, Fast, Present, Contrast.
  3. Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions: 05 Marks
    (a) Come and sit…………….me.
    (b) You married…………….money.
    (C) You ought to have been patient……………….the child.
    (d) This exercise was written………….me……………..a pilot pen.
    (e) ……………………..all that has happened, I wash my hands………………you.
  4. Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles: 05 Marks
    (a) …………….love is inspirational to ……………man.
    (b) ………………….trade flourished in………………………. India during ……………..reign of ……………Akbar.
    (c) He is at…………….head of ……………….trade.
    (d) Two of ………………..trade seldom agree.
    (e) ………………Newton was ……………….great scientist.
  5. Make adjective from the following words: 05 Marks
    Solitude, Table, Palace, Queen, Trouble
  6. Use each word in each pair in two different sentences in order to bring out the difference in meaning. You will make ten sentences in all: 10 Marks
    (a) Adverse, averse
    (b) Hair, heir
    (c) Ascent, assent
    (d) Award, reward
    (e) Canvas, canvass
  7. Punctuate the following sentences 15 Marks
    (a) The supervisor wasn’t able to complete the project, Because she had to attend another meeting
    (b) my aunt has lived in miami florida, since june.
    (c) whenever I study said Louis I get better grades.
    (d) I am late answered Lupe because I missed the bus.
    (e) Is it raining asked Tom.
    (f) Avengers: Endgame which is a popular movie made a huge amount of money.
    (g) Senator thomson who lives in america gave an interesting speech.
    (h) Mr smith my former employer wrote a letter of recommendation.
    (i) Sit down Sara
    (j) Sam please answer the phone.
    (k) To err is human to forgive divine.
    (l) Did you work on Tuesday Dave.
    (m) The class will begin on Monday December 11 2019 at 7:45 a.m.
    (n) my american literature class will study the old man and the sea in july.
    (o) The newspaper did not publish the story however it is the Time magazine,
  8. Change the voice of the following sentences: 05 Marks
    (a) The mason is building the wall.
    (b) All his friends laughed at him.
    (c) The Romans expected to conquer Carthage.
    (d) One should keep one’s promises
    (e) Alas! We shall hear his voice no more.
  9. Make sentences with the following words: 05 Marks
    Freeze, Echo, Caravan, Smog, Splatter
  10. Put the following into indirect speech: 05 Marks
    (a) The peon said, “It is already past nine. May I go home, Sir?’
    (a) The poor man said, “You have saved me from great public insult. May god bless you!”
    (b) The youngman said to her, “I love you. Will you marry me?
    (C) “How can I marry you?” she said. “There appear to be a number of girls whom you love.”
    (d) “Take good care of your ornaments,” she said to her daughter. “If the servant gets chance, he might steal them.”
  11. Correct the following sentences and rewrite the corrected version: 10 Marks
    (a) The latter part of the book show signs of hurry.
    (b) He gave me a good advice
    (c) The traffic were heavy.
    (d) I am much tall than you.
    (e) I wish I was rich
    (f) I have a great respect for my landlady.
    (g) Aerobics involve vigorous exercise.
    (h) German measles cause a swollen neck.
    (i) Our baggages were overweight
    (j) News travel fast.

HP Sub. Allied Service Mains Exam 2020 – English

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